What is solar energy?
The definition of solar energy may seem obvious, but it is not. Solar energy can be defined as the energy transmitted from the sun to the earth in the form of electromagnetic waves. Energy from the sun generates all forms of renewable energy as we know it – the sun is responsible for the warming of the atmosphere, wind, ocean waves, tides, plant growth (including from millions of years ago). fossil fuels , but also geothermal energy, left over from the dust accumulations orbiting the sun when the Earth was formed. Exploitation of this vast resource has been a hot topic for decades, if not centuries. “I’ll bet on the sun and solar power. What a force! I hope we don’t have to wait until oil and coal run out to do it,” Thomas Edison said in 1931.
What technologies can harness solar energy?
At the Eni Research Center for Renewable Energy and the Environment, three technologies have been created, tested and developed to harness solar energy, with significant advantages over conventional photovoltaic panels.
- Organic Photovoltaics (OPV)
- Luminescent Solar Concentrator (LSC)
- Concentrating Solar Thermal Power (CSP) Technology
These technologies were developed for industrial applications aimed at improving energy efficiency and sustainability.